11 Interesting Facts about Rose Oil and Rose Picking

Rose Picking and Rose Oil Extraction
We promised to take you on a journey to the Rose Valley in Bulgaria where harvesting and rose picking is going at full speed at the end of May and the beginning of June. Here are some of the most interesting facts about our special Rosa Damascena flower!

Rosa Damascena Cultivating

Rosa Damascena is a unique sort of oil-bearing rose that has found her perfect home just south of the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. The area is thus called The Rose Valley. Rose picking takes place there every year at the end of May and beginning of June. 


Bulgarian Rose Valley

The Rosa Damascena sort is not one to grow on its own in the wild. It is being cultivated. The tricky part is that it doesn’t thrive just anywhere. The Bulgarian climate is perfect for cultivating the oil-bearing rose and our country is competing against just a handful of other countries in growing this sort of rose. 

Rosa Damascena Flower Picking

Rosa Damascena is a very delicate flower and its petals must be as intact as possible in order to produce high quality oil. That means each rose is hand-picked by skillful pickers.
Rose picking begins at 4 AM and usually ends at around 10 AM. The rose petals need to be dewy. Those picked in the afternoon have 50% less rose oil concentrate.

Rose Oil Extraction

It takes roughly 9996 roses to fill a single 5ml bottle of Rosa Damascena flower oil. Can you imagine holding in your hands the fragrance of nearly 10 000 roses!

Rose Picking and Rose Oil Extraction

The Rosa Damascena flower oil is The Queen of essential oils and the most expensive essential oil in the world. This should come as no surprise after you know now, how difficult it is to cultivate and pick the petals. 1 litre of rosa damascena flower oil costs roughly the whooping 9000 euros. 


Rosa Damascena Flower oil by Bulgarian Rose Karlovo
Rosa Damascena Flower Oil 3 ml. – €69.02


Rose Oil Bulgarian Rose Karlovo 7 ml.
Rosa Damascena Flower Oil 7 ml. – €180.99

Rose oil or as also known as rose otto is produced through a steam-distillation process. Remember how the roses needed to be dewy, fresh and unharmed? That is because the parts of the rose being distilled are the rose petals. During distillation, the steam pushes its way through the petals until the wax and the oils are separated from the water during cooling and condensation. What is left is the stunning rose water on one side, and the precious oil and its waxes on the other.


Rosa Damascena Flower Oil Distillation
Rose petals in the distillatory.

Rosa Damascena Flower Oil Use And Benefits

Skincare based on rose products such as rose water and rose oil is extremely beneficial for problematic, sensitive and aging skin as it has powerful revitalizing, anti-inflammatory and cleansing properties.
  • Rose oil is rich in nutrients, microelements and minerals such as Ca, Fe, K, Mn, Na, P, and Zn, fatty acids, ascorbic acid, linoleic acid, α-tocopherol, β-carotene.
  • Rosa Damascena flower oil has hydrating and soothing properties. The vitamins, minerals and beneficial acids help improve the overall condition of the skin, even the complexion out and calm skin suffering from acne.
  • Rose oil has anti-aging and antioxidant properties.

Remember how one 5 ml bottle contains the fragrance of nearly 10 000 roses? Rosa Damascena flower oil is one of the most preferred essential oils used in perfumery and aromatherapy. Just a single drop fills the room with a sweet floral scent. It is also known that rose oil helps alleviate the symptoms of depression and insomnia. According to research carried by Hongratanaworakit in 2009 rose oil caused “significant decreases of breathing rate and systolic blood pressure that indicate a decrease of autonomic arousal.”

The Rosa Damascena flower petals are edible and safe. They may be used to flavor food, as a garnish, as an herbal tea or to produce different kinds of sweets including  rose jams, rose drink for cooking and flavouring, chocolates with rose petals and rose tea. The dried loose rose buds can also be brewed and used for decoration of dishes, baked goods or rooms.


Rosa Damascena Flower Tea
According to research the Rosa Damascena flower oil has proven antiviral (HIV) properties (Mahmood 1996) and antibacterial properties (Mahboubi et al 2011). Rose oil is also used in dietary supplements and is known for its beneficial effect on the metabolism and overall wellbeing. 


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